501 South Rancho Dr., Suite D25
Las Vegas, NV 89106
Speech and Language

Possible Causes of Speech and Language Disorders

  • Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) or stroke

  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

  • Cerebral Palsy (CP)

  • Autism

  • Down Syndrome

  • Developmental Delay

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Guillain-Barre
  • Brain Tumor




Therapy Techniques

Oral-motor therapy: This therapy technique involves a variety of exercises and stretches to improve the strength, range of motion and coordination of movement of the oral structures.

 Oral-sensory therapy: This type of therapy involves specific techniques to normalize the  sensory response of the oral structures. Different procedures are used to increase awareness of various oral structures and/or decrease oral hypersensitivity.



 Phonological Approach: A systematic approach to the remediation of speech intelligibility issues.

 Natural Language Approach: An approach to language disorders that provides treatment in context during play activities. Appropriate language structures that match the developmental level of the child are modeled. These language models are more meaningful to the child because they are provided during activities that the child chooses and in which he is interested. 

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC):
In some cases, verbal communication is not possible or will not develop in a timely manner. When that is the case, there are other nonverbal alternatives that may be explored to allow immediate means of communication. This does not mean that verbal communication will not be possible at some point, but another means of communication is more appropriate at this time. AAC may include computerized devices or low-tech options such as communication notebooks.

Cognitive Re-training: Therapy that is offered for people after strokes or brain injury. Involves improvement in the areas of orientation, attention, memory, problem solving and reasoning.



When To Be Concerned Regarding Your Child’s Language

3-6 months:            Silent or strange sounding cry

10-12 months:       No babbling (dada, mama, baba)
                                Does not include a wide variety of sounds when babbling (p, b, t, d, k, g, m, n)
                                Does not recognize words for familiar items or games /routines (e.g. bottle, bath, byebye)

12 months:             Does not tolerate baby foods or solids

16 months:             Has not yet transitioned to table foods

18 months:             No true words that are used consistently
                                Doesn't point to named pictures in a book
                                Cannot follow simple commands or answer simple questions

2 years:                  Less than 25 words
                                Not combining words into simple sentences

3 years:                  Speech is understood less than 80% of the time
                                Does not answer simple "who," "what," and "where" questions
5 years:                  Does not produce or has difficulty with "s," "l," "r" or "th" sounds